Category: Research Commentary

Hot Topics: NIH Encourages Preprint Inclusion in Grant Proposals

Jackie Werner Hot Topics in Research, Research and Scholarly Communication, Research Commentary

Reporting Preprints and Other Interim Research Products Office of Policy for Extramural Research Administration, National Institutes of Health. (2017). Reporting Preprints and Other Interim Research Products (Notice Number: NOT-OD-17-050). Retrieved from https://grants.nih.gov/grants/guide/notice-files/NOT-OD-17-050.html Purpose The NIH encourages investigators to use interim research products, such as preprints, to speed the dissemination and enhance the rigor of their work. This notice clarifies reporting instructions to allow investigators to cite their interim research products and claim them as products of NIH funding. Definitions Interim Research Products are complete, public research products that are not final. A common form is the preprint, which is a complete and…

Hot Topics: Peer-Reviewed Blog Introduces New Medical Researchers to Publishing

Jackie Werner Front Page, Hot Topics in Research, Research Commentary, Uncategorized

Coached Peer Review: Developing the Next Generation of Authors Sidalak D, Purdy E, Luckett-Gatopoulos S, Murray H, Thoma B, Chan TM. Coached peer review: Developing the next generation of authors. Academic Medicine. 2017;92(2):201-204. http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/ACM.0000000000001224. Problem Publishing in academic journals is challenging for learners. Those who pass the initial stages of internal review by an editor often find the anonymous peer review process harsh. Academic blogs offer alternate avenues for publishing medical education material. Many blogs, however, lack a peer review process, which some consumers argue compromises the quality of materials published. Approach CanadiEM (formerly BoringEM) is an academic educational emergency…

What’s Wrong with Human/Nonhuman Chimera Research?

PJ Grier Hot Topics in Research, Research Commentary, September

Perspective: What’s Wrong with Human/Nonhuman Chimera Research? The National Institutes of Health (NIH) is poised to lift its funding moratorium on research involving chimeric human/nonhuman embryos, pending further consideration by an NIH steering committee. The kinds of ethical concerns that seem to underlie this research and chimera research more generally can be adequately addressed.   Hyun I (2016) What’s Wrong with Human/ Nonhuman Chimera Research? PLoS Biol 14(8): e1002535. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.1002535

Finding the Why, Changing the How: Improving the Mental Health of Medical Students, Residents, and Physicians

PJ Grier Hot Topics in Research, Psychology and Psychiatry, Research Commentary, September

Finding the Why, Changing the How: Improving the Mental Health of Medical Students, Residents, and Physicians The poor mental health of residents, characterized by high rates of burnout, depression, and suicidal ideation, is a growing concern in graduate medical education. Research is needed to gain a deeper understanding of the sources of distress as well as the sources of sustenance in residency training. The study by Mata and colleagues contributes significantly to this understanding. In addition to this line of research, however, studies are needed that assess the impact of interventions to help residents deal more effectively with the stress…

An Official Critical Care Societies Collaborative Statement—Burnout Syndrome in Critical Care Health-care Professionals

PJ Grier August, Hot Topics in Research, Research Commentary

An Official Critical Care Societies Collaborative Statement—Burnout Syndrome in Critical Care Health-care Professionals A Call for Action Burnout syndrome (BOS) occurs in all types of health-care professionals and is especially common in individuals who care for critically ill patients. The development of BOS is related to an imbalance of personal characteristics of the employee and work-related issues or other organizational factors. BOS is associated with many deleterious consequences, includingincreased rates of job turnover, reduced patient satisfaction, and decreased quality of care. BOS also directly affects the mental health and physical well-being of the many critical care physicians, nurses, and other health-care professionals who practice worldwide. Until recently, BOS and…

Engaging Doctors in the Health Care Revolution

PJ Grier Hot Topics in Research, July, Research Commentary

Engaging Doctors in the Health Care Revolution A health care revolution is under way, and doctors must be part of it. But many are deeply anxious and angry about the transformation, fearing loss of autonomy, respect, and income. Given their resistance, how can health system leaders engage them in redesigning care? In this article, Dr. Thomas H. Lee, Press Ganey’s chief medical officer, and Dr. Toby Cosgrove, the CEO of the Cleveland Clinic, describe a framework they’ve developed for encouraging buy-in. Adapting Max Weber’s “typology of motives,” and applying behavioral economics and other motivational principles, they describe four tactics leadership…

Risk literacy in medical decision-making

PJ Grier Hot Topics in Research, May, Research Commentary

Risk literacy in medical decision-making – How can we better represent the statistical structure of risk? Imagine that you have received a positive result on a routine cancer screening test. Follow-up biopsies were inconclusive, and the decision to treat aggressively or monitor conservatively is yours. Consider the following information: 0.1% of the population has a terminal version of this form of cancer, 99% of those people will appear positive on the test you have been administered, and 5% of those without terminal cancer will still have a benign condition that tests positive. Given your test result, what is the probability that you…

10 top patient safety issues for 2016

PJ Grier Hot Topics in Research, May, Research Commentary

10 top patient safety issues for 2016 Healthcare has no doubt made giant strides in patient safety in recent years: According to an HHS report released in December, hospital-acquired condition rates dropped 17 percent from 2010 to 2014, leading to 87,000 fewer patient deaths in hospitals.   Becker’s Hospital Review,  January 12, 2016 Shannon Barnet, Max Green and Heather Punke

Antithrombotic Therapy for VTE Disease: CHEST Guideline and Expert Panel Report

PJ Grier Blood, Hot Topics in Research, Lung, March, Research Commentary

Antithrombotic Therapy for VTE Disease: CHEST Guideline and Expert Panel Report BACKGROUND: We update recommendations on 12 topics that were in the 9th edition of these guidelines, and address 3 new topics. METHODS: We generate strong (Grade 1) and weak (Grade 2) recommendations based on high- (Grade A), moderate- (Grade B), and low- (Grade C) quality evidence. RESULTS: For VTE and no cancer, as long-term anticoagulant therapy, we suggest dabigatran (Grade 2B), rivaroxaban (Grade 2B), apixaban (Grade 2B), or edoxaban (Grade 2B) over vitamin K antagonist (VKA) therapy, and suggest VKA therapy over low-molecular-weight heparin (LMWH; Grade 2C). For VTE…