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Hot Topics in Research: Hypertension and race/ethnicity

David Teter Hot Topics in Research

Hypertension and race/ethnicity.

Deere BP, Ferdinand KC.Curr Opin Cardiol. 2020 Jul;35(4):342-350. doi: 10.1097/HCO.0000000000000742.PMID: 32398604 Review.

Abstract

Purpose of review: United States racial/ethnic minorities may experience disproportionate hypertension (HTN) morbidity and mortality. This review discusses recent literature regarding the differential impact of HTN, especially among African Americans and Hispanics.

Recent findings: Although disparities in HTN prevalence, control, and outcomes persist in racial/ethnic minorities relative to non-Hispanic Whites, racial/ethnic minorities are frequently underrepresented in genetic and clinical studies. Genomics have improved our understanding of HTN, but with no clinically useful application, the role of social determinants of health in HTN disparities is increasingly recognized. Team-based approaches with targeted, multilevel interventions may overcome barriers that uniquely impact racial/ethnic minorities.

Summary: Despite extensive epidemiological research, racial/ethnic minorities remain at higher risk HTN-related morbidity and mortality. Translational efforts may address the differential impact of HTN in racial/ethnic minorities. This review highlights recent research and concepts related to HTN and race/ethnicity.