Month: September 2016

Ethics Reporting in Biospecimen and Genetic Research: Current Practice and Suggestions for Changes

PJ Grier Ethics, Hot Topics in Research, September

Ethics Reporting in Biospecimen and Genetic Research: Current Practice and Suggestions for Changes Modern approaches for research with human biospecimens employ a variety of substantially different types of ethics approval and informed consent. In most cases, standard ethics reporting such as “consent and approval was obtained” is no longer meaningful. A structured analysis of 120 biospecimen studies recently published in top journals revealed that more than 85% reported on consent and approval, but in more than 90% of cases, this reporting was insufficient and thus potentially misleading. Editorial policies, reporting guidelines, and material transfer agreements should include recommendations for meaningful…

What’s Wrong with Human/Nonhuman Chimera Research?

PJ Grier Hot Topics in Research, Research Commentary, September

Perspective: What’s Wrong with Human/Nonhuman Chimera Research? The National Institutes of Health (NIH) is poised to lift its funding moratorium on research involving chimeric human/nonhuman embryos, pending further consideration by an NIH steering committee. The kinds of ethical concerns that seem to underlie this research and chimera research more generally can be adequately addressed.   Hyun I (2016) What’s Wrong with Human/ Nonhuman Chimera Research? PLoS Biol 14(8): e1002535. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.1002535

Equal work for unequal pay: the gender reimbursement gap for healthcare providers in the United States

PJ Grier Hot Topics in Research, News, September

Equal work for unequal pay: the gender reimbursement gap for healthcare providers in the United States ABSTRACT Introduction Gender disparities in income continue to exist, and many studies have quantified the gap between male and female workers. These studies paint an incomplete picture of gender income disparity because of their reliance on notoriously inaccurate or incomplete surveys. We quantified gender reimbursement disparity between female and male healthcare providers using objective, non-self-reported data and attempted to adjust the disparity against commonly held beliefs as to why it exists. Methods We analysed over three million publicly available Medicare reimbursement claims for calendar…

Finding the Why, Changing the How: Improving the Mental Health of Medical Students, Residents, and Physicians

PJ Grier Hot Topics in Research, Psychology and Psychiatry, Research Commentary, September

Finding the Why, Changing the How: Improving the Mental Health of Medical Students, Residents, and Physicians The poor mental health of residents, characterized by high rates of burnout, depression, and suicidal ideation, is a growing concern in graduate medical education. Research is needed to gain a deeper understanding of the sources of distress as well as the sources of sustenance in residency training. The study by Mata and colleagues contributes significantly to this understanding. In addition to this line of research, however, studies are needed that assess the impact of interventions to help residents deal more effectively with the stress…